Troubled airline Virgin Atlantic has finalised a rescue deal worth £1.2bn.
The package includes support from its main shareholder, Virgin Group, and loans from outside investors.
It also includes deferring hundreds of millions of pounds owed both to Virgin Group and to fellow shareholder Delta Air Lines.
Virgin Atlantic had initially hoped to obtain emergency funding from the government, but ministers said any subsidies would be a last resort.
The funding comes largely from existing shareholders and a new investor, hedge fund Davidson Kempner Capital Management.
The company said the plan paved the way for the airline to rebuild its balance sheet and return to profitability in 2022.
The Covid-19 outbreak plunged Virgin Atlantic into an acute crisis.
Like other airlines, it was forced to ground most of its fleet for months and is not due to resume services until next week.
The company had initially hoped the government would step in, but ministers made it clear taxpayers’ money could only be considered once all other options had been exhausted.
Under the package announced on Tuesday, the airline will receive loans worth £170m from Davidson Kempner, while Virgin Group, its biggest shareholder, will put in a further £200m.
Both Virgin Group and its fellow shareholder Delta Air Lines will defer payment of money owed to them by the airline worth £400m. Other creditors are expected to defer payments worth £450m.
The plan will still require formal approval from Virgin Atlantic’s creditors under a court-sanctioned process.
The airline said more than 3,500 jobs had been lost as part of a cost-cutting drive that included the closure of its base at London Gatwick.
Virgin Atlantic calls this a “solvent recapitalisation”. But the question is, will it be enough to secure the company’s long-term future?
There is some new money here – an extra £200m in cash from the Virgin Group and loans worth £170m from Davidson Kempner. But a large part of the package is made up of deferring or waiving existing liabilities.
This was probably the best the company could do in the circumstances, after the government made it clear targeted state aid would only be considered as a last resort, after private-sector options had been exhausted.
But it doesn’t seem to give the company much of a war chest to absorb future shocks. It is due to resume flights next week – and managers will be desperate for demand to pick up, and quickly.
Virgin Atlantic has already taken drastic action to cut costs, shedding more than 3,500 staff and closing its base at London Gatwick. There’s no doubt it will be a much leaner operation in future.
This deal does at least keep the airline flying, but navigating its way through the stormy skies facing the industry for the foreseeable future will still be a huge challenge.
Virgin insiders say the company has wargamed the worst-case scenario, which is a failure of transatlantic flights to recover, and it still reckons this deal will be enough to keep Virgin in the air.
On Tuesday, Delta Air Lines wrote down the value of its stake in Virgin Atlantic, taking a $200m (£160m) charge.
The giant airline also reported an adjusted pre-tax loss of $3.9bn, saying it was burning through cash at a rate of $27m per day.
Ed Bastian, Delta’s chief executive officer said. “Given the combined effects of the pandemic and associated financial impact on the global economy, we continue to believe that it will be more than two years before we see a sustainable recovery.”
Delta has provided more than $2.2bn in cash refunds in 2020.
Last month, Mr Bastian told the BBC: “We’re not planning on injecting additional capital into Virgin.
“We’re supporting them in doing everything we can, helping them through a restructuring, hopefully to avoid an in-court process, and I’m still optimistic, cautiously optimistic that we’ll be able to get there.”
Aviation firms have been battered by the coronavirus crisis and are still feeling the effects of the pandemic.
On Tuesday, Ryanair said it would cut 1,000 flights between Ireland and the UK in August and September because of Irish quarantine restrictions which had “suppressed demand”.
“Air travel between Ireland and the UK is being badly damaged by this ineffective 14-day quarantine,” a spokesperson said.
“This means 100,000 fewer visitors from the UK travelling to regional airports in Cork, Shannon, Knock and Kerry during the peak months of the tourism season.”